FFVs (Flexible Fuel Vehicles)
FFVs (flexible fuel vehicles) can run on gasoline and bioethanol.
Bioethanol fuel, which is produced from plants that absorb CO² in the atmosphere as they grow, has been designated a zero-emission fuel under the carbon neutral*1 concept (if the CO² emitted from manufacturing and transport processes is excluded).
MMC has developed flexible fuel vehicles (FFVs) that can run on gasoline, bioethanol, or a mixture of the two.
This FFV system realizes optimal combustion by estimating the concentration of bioethanol in the fuel based on the output of an emission gas concentration sensor installed in the exhaust system. This makes it possible for the vehicle to run on mixed fuel with a bioethanol concentration between 0% and 100%, realize the same level of performance and emission gases as a gasoline vehicle.
We have ensured the durability and reliability of the vehicle by changing some of the engine components and materials used in the fuel system to components that are compatible with bioethanol.
We launched the Pajero as a FFV (E100: ethanol 100%) in the Brazilian market in July 2007. In January 2009, we launched the Colt Clear Tec FFV in the European market (E85: ethanol 85%, gasoline 15%) and we are continuing to enhance our lineup of FFVs further.
*1: Carbon neutral: CO² is emitted when plants are burned, but plants capture CO² from the atmosphere through the process of photosynthesis during plant growth, so the CO2 balance is considered to be zero in terms of the carbon cycle.